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Sizing a crusher can be done reliably calculated thanks to the Impact/Crushing Work Index and the testwork research done by Fred Chester Bond and his 1952 paper. According to Bond’s Third Theory of Comminution, the work/energy input is proportional to the new crack tip length created during particle breakage and equivalent to the work represented by the product the feed. A crude test

MoreThe Bond low-energy impact crushing work index (more informally, the Bond crushing work index) is not as common as the Bond ball mill work index, and it is a notoriously noisy test. The test is a 'per-specimen' test where individual specimens of prepared rock are hand-picked by the test operator and placed into the apparatus.

MoreCalculations involving Bond’s work index are generally divided into steps with a different Wi determination for each size class. The low energy crushing work index laboratory test is conducted on ore specimens larger than 50 mm, determining the crushing work index (WiC, CWi or IWi (impact work index)).

MoreThe Bond Impact Work Index method has been an industry standard for the determination of crusher power requirements but was originally developed to ensure, that sufficient power was connected to primary gyratory crushers.

MoreBond Low Energy Impact Test The Bond Low-Energy Impact test can be used to determine the Crusher Work index (CWi), also known as the Impact Work Index. The test determines the impact energy at which a specimen fails and allows approximation of net power requirements for sizing crushers.

More* Bond F. C., “Crushing & Grinding Calculations”, Reprint from British Chemical Engineering, Allis-Chalmers Publication 07R9235B. Bond Low Energy Impact Test. The test determines the Bond Impact Work Index which is used with Bond’s Third Theory of Comminution to calculate net power requirements when sizing crushers*.

MoreDec 01, 2007· Bond (1947) defined the impact energy per unit of thickness C B by dividing the impact energy by the thickness of each particle w, so that (1) C B = 117 (1-cos ϕ) / w where ϕ is the angle, w is given in mm and C B in J/mm. From this and the material specific gravity ρ s (in g/cm 3) Bond proposed to estimate the crushing work index using the empirical relationship (2) Wi = 53.49 C B ρ s

Moreindex and Bond work index. The Bond work index is regarded as one of the crushing resistance; it can therefore be presumed that the Bond work index is correlated to the mechanical properties of materials [4]. Literature review on impact crusher performance in relation to machine configuration and operational conditions, by experimental work and

MoreBOND RWi, BWi, CWi, Ai Work Index: What’s the difference Three Bond work index tests are commonly used in the industry. This essay discusses some observations from SAGMILLING.COM database of published grindability results about relationships, and lack thereof, between the Bond comminution tests. A further comment is made about the Bond abrasion index and its relation to the three work

MoreAbstract: The Bond work index is a measure of ore resistance to crushing and grinding and is determined using the Bond grindability test. Its value constitutes ore characteristic and is used for industrial comminution plants designing. Determining the Bond work index

MoreThe work index Wi was defined by F. Bond as the specific energy (kWh/ton) required to reduce a particulate material from infinite grain size to 100 microns. The calculation is based on the size-energy relationship e1,2=C.(1/x2n–1/x1n ),which for n = 0.5, x1 = ∞ and x2 =100, by definition gives e∞, 100 = Wi and consequently C=10Wi. In theory, for a given material the value found for Wi

MoreThe Bond work index is a measure of ore resistance to crushing and grinding and is determined using the Bond grindability test. Its value constitutes ore characteristic and is used for industrial

MoreBond Work Index (BWI) — Kilowatt hour (kWh) per short ton required to reduce the material to 80% passing 100 microns. Breaker Block (Breaker Plate) — The steel anvil surface of a crusher against which material is crushed by impact or pressure. Bridging — Blocking of crusher opening by large pieces of

MoreThe reason secondary crushing works is relatively simple. The frequency of impact events greater than 100 Joules impacts, even in a large SAG mill, is very low, less than 1 per second (Morrison & Cleary, 04). Rocks requiring more than 100 Joules of energy to first fracture severely limit the throughput rate of a mill. Such rocks grind slowly by

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MoreFeb 26, 2014· GRINDABILITY TESTS Bond Rod mill work Index • The rod mill work Index is also normally distributed with and average and median of 14.8kWh/t • It is common to observe difference between the ball and rod mill caused by variation in ore hardness • The test has been mainly used for the design of rod mill or primary ball mills. http

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More“crushability or grindability”, also cal led work index and the “wear profile”, c alled abrasion index. 4.0 Crushing of rock and minerals : Crushing is the largest process operation in

MoreOct 10, 2014· • Bond has suggested a law intermediate between Rittinger’s and Kick’s laws, by putting p = −3/2 in the general equation: • Writing C = 5Ei then: • Bond terms Ei the work index, and expresses it as the amount of energy required to reduce unit mass of material from an infinite particle size to a size L2 of 100 μm, that is q =∞. 7.

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